Selenium Get Text Inside Span Python

Span tags are often used to incorporate a specific CSS style to differentiate certain parts of content. Let's start!. However, not a robot. Locating Hyperlinks by Link Text¶ Use this when you know link text used within an anchor tag. The first thing to do is to locate these elements on the web page. Find the below links on How to find elements on a web page using different types of locators. These generally work quite well, but you’re inevitably going to end up running into API limitations if you do a lot of testing or web scra. One of the many fantastic webscraping tools available for Python, lxml is a very useful XML/HTML processing library. You will see that the 'Team' text is within a 'span' element, which in turn is inside a 'th' (table header) element with the class 'sort'. 미리 설치할 package들. How to handle “Violation of UNIQUE KEY constraint” exception in asp. Tanusree -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Selenium Users" group. In this chapter, we use unittest as the framework of choice. parameterization in selenium- Using selenium with python, how can I get Var from HTML where it's declared in a JS element. Selenium getText() from span. xpath(“//span[@calss=’entName’]”)) driver. If you like the elegance of the Python programming language, Django is the web framework for you! Django is a powerful but pragmatic framework, with an emphasis on getting work done. In this tutorial, you discovered how to clean text or machine learning in Python. For example, consider the following test in the Selenese table format: Use the Selenium IDE File menu, Export, Python Selenium RC. Selenium News The following is the latest Selenium news posted in the Selenium blog. Thank you @snippsat! I followed your example and have started to see how I can run form_demo. tag:blogger. How to scrape data from website using selenium in python? Scootsy Crawler / Scrapper WARNING - Contents of this page are for educational purposes only. In this article we’ll use it for data mining, extracting the links from a web page. I am having trouble clicking a span tag that is a button, but not using button html tag at all. In python, I have created a class by which we can send email through gmail, yahoo, hotmail or any other email service provider. selenium webdriver基于Python源码案例是由葵花、上海-悠悠创作的一部优秀的作品。百度阅读为您提供selenium webdriver基于Python源码案例最佳阅读体验,selenium webdriver基于Python源码案例最新内容,更多完整故事尽在百度阅读. /html/body/div[2]/span. I used this as a template and resource for the examples I provide below. It starts with an introduction to Core Java and a quick review of the fundamentals of the Java programming language pertinent to WebDriver. NOTE: In case you are looking for a. Become a Member Donate to the PSF. We also learned to affix desired modifications into our script. Using page-object you can find and interact with a large number of elements. ★★ How Long Does She Want You to Last? ★★ A recent study proved that the average man lasts just 2-5 minutes in bed (during intercourse). You can make use of Selenium IDE to verify if the identifier is working fine or not. In this tutorial, we have listed the 50 most popularly asked Selenium interview questions including Selenium IDe, Selenium Grid and Selenium WebDriver interview questions covering Selenium basics and advanced WebDriver topics. They are extracted from open source Python projects. Introduction You would need "very basic" understanding of Python (or coding in general), Selenium and. Based on location: Sometimes, none of the attributes are reliable, and you might just want to make the xpath based on the element’s. If you like the elegance of the Python programming language, Django is the web framework for you! Django is a powerful but pragmatic framework, with an emphasis on getting work done. Selenium, the browser test suite, has python bindings: Install HOWTO. Use Python/WebDriver to get text between tags You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Selenium Users" group. CssSelector("span:contains(Issues Management)")). Disclaimer! "The blogs posted are solely my own perception about my and others work in the field of software testing and quality assurance and it does not reflect my employer perception. This is a module for automatic web task in python. Prior to Python 3. For a better testing workflow, including load testing, you need. Through Selenium Python API you can access all functionalities of Selenium WebDriver in an intuitive way. you can do this by adding an Inserting event handler to the Sql Data Source. Find all elements within the current context using the given mechanism. While this might have been perfectly acceptable in Selenium RC (and by extension, Selenium IDE), the methods on the WebDriver WebElement interface require an element object, not just any DOM node object. Sublime Text for Python development — My 2016 review – When you ask for editor recommendations as a Python developer one of the top choices you’ll hear about is Sublime Text. To do this with Selenium 1. I needed to use Selenium because the button to show more restaurants on a page. Partial Link Text Locator In Selenium. Selenium IDE has a very useful tool making sure that the XPath that you entered is on the screen. The real world is a little different. message: Representing an email message¶ The central class in the email package is the Message class, imported from the email. In Python, if you have the link, you can use urllib2 to get page's HTML contents. I have the below code that clicks on an element to pop up a screen and copy the text in it Compound class names are no longer supported. first_selected_option print selected_option. Like selenium, it also has Python bindings. Use this when you know link text used within an anchor tag. There are two types of files that can be handled in python, normal text files and binary files (written in binary language,0s and 1s). pdf), Text File (. The other options for a tool/framework are py. Selenium Webdriver - Access Data from Web Tables or HTML Tables Below links help you to access data from web tables or HTML tables using Selenium Webdriver. • Selenium RC aka Selenium 1 • It ‘inject’ JavaScript functions into the browser when the browser is loaded and then uses its JavaScript to drive the AUT within the browser • Mainly supported in maintenance mode • Provides support for several programming languages • Selenium WebDriver • Designed to provide a simpler, more. Python offers multiple options for developing GUI (Graphical User Interface). This allows you to write tests that even your company’s business people can understand. text) Accessing parent elements, which are also of type WebElement (element. txt) or read online for free. We also created our own automation script manually using Firebug and its capabilities. Here when we mouse hover on the header, it has anchor tag with title attribute which is displayed as tooltip. Similar to the first example, we are finding the dropdown list by its ID. If the above is not possible, then is there any further improvements you suggest with regards to re or the code in general?. Selenium Python bindings provide a convenient API to access Selenium WebDrivers like Firefox, Ie, Chrome, Remote etc. Using Selenium to write tests¶ Selenium is mostly used for writing test cases. iFrame is defined by an tag in HTML. Let us take selenium official website to verify the tooltip in the first case. Many times you need to extract your web table data to compare and verify as per your test case using selenium webdriver software testing tool. With Selenium's. Selenium is a suite of tools to automate web app testing across many platforms. Below is the screen shot: In this case it is very simple to get tooltip text by using selenium getAttribute() method. Find the below links on How to find elements on a web page using different types of locators. bindings between selenium and python. it should give me only   210. Selenium Locators Tutorial: Learn How to Identify Web Elements Using XPath in Selenium with Examples. Introduction to Selenium. Selenium has a separate class called Actions Class which is mainly responsible for the complex gesture which includes double click, right click, mouse hover, keyboard events and so on. > By locator; locator=By. In Selenium 2. Many times you need to extract your web table data to compare and verify as per your test case using selenium webdriver software testing tool. Selenium WebDriver Recipes in C#. Selenium server acts as a middleman between the browser and Selenese commands. Spider and define the initial requests to make, optionally how to follow links in the pages, and how to parse the downloaded page content to extract data. All the posts are practically done by me. In the world of web automation, it is quite common to automate the sign-up forms which contain checkbox and radio button elements. In the process, we will explore several widgets, and learn about features such as events and callbacks. You can write test cases using Python’s unittest module. Locating element via Partial Link Text works similar to normal Link Text locator. Selenium Get Span Text Python. Advertise. The examples in this documentation should work the same way in Python 2. >>> Python Software Foundation. test and nose. Sanjay_Line2. Selenium Webdriver - Access Data from Web Tables or HTML Tables Below links help you to access data from web tables or HTML tables using Selenium Webdriver. We hope these Selenium interview questions and answers are useful and will help you to get the best job in the networking industry. consider using the Selenium DSL in a script driven test. > By locator; locator=By. How to handle "Violation of UNIQUE KEY constraint" exception in asp. The first thing to do is to locate these elements on the web page. Parses HTML, the format that web pages are written in. Soft Assertion For Selenium WebDriver With TestNG If you know, we have already learn about testng hard assertions (Example assertEquals , assertNotEquals , etc. We are using Selenium 2. 6764/get-html-source-webelement-selenium-webdriver-using-python. Please subscribe to the RSS feed to keep up-to-date with all Selenium development and community activity! Don't forget to follow us on Twitter too! Selenium IDE Is Dead, Long Live Selenium IDE! - Mon, 06 Aug 2018; Firefox 55 and Selenium IDE - Wed, 09 Aug 2017. confirm() function will normally automatically return true, as if the user had manually clicked OK, so you shouldn't need to use this command unless for some reason you need to change your mind prior to the next confirmation. You can also send your feedback to my email: baiju. We will do a […]. Hi guys, I am trying to write a Python 3 code (using lxml module) to extract some specific data from a webpage. snippsat, Sorry for the delayed response, I am just getting back to this. Note that the events fired by this event may not be as you'd expect. Selenium IDE¶. frame method we can easily switch to the frame we want. Selenium WebDriver python client可以访问Selenium WebDriver和Selenium standalone server,开发人员:David Burns, Adam Goucher, Maik Röder,Jason Huggins, Luke Semerau, Miki Tebeka和Eric Allenin。支持python版本2. mail AT gmail DOT com. js, It's showing undefined in the window (non modal window) and the actual functionality of the window is. How to get text from an exact html element using selenium. Span tags are often used to incorporate a specific CSS style to differentiate certain parts of content. So i think o share my. Now imagine you've written many more functions to scrape this data - maybe one to get addresses and another to get paragraphs of text about the winner - you've likely repeated those same two lines of code in these functions and you now have to remember to make changes in four different places. It saves you from writing any user-defined expected condition class or creating a package for the same. SeleniumBase includes additional tools for automated visual testing, assisted-QA with MasterQA, and creating website tours. java,selenium,junit,webdriver,automated-tests. We also created our own automation script manually using Firebug and its capabilities. select import Select select = Select(driver. It contains hundreds of solutions to real-world problems, with clear explanations and ready-to-run test scripts you can use in your own projects. action_chains. In this tutorial, we’ll go over some of the ways we can work with Python. The ActionChains implementation, class selenium. Specifically, you learned: How to get started by developing your own very simple text cleaning tools. I'm very proud to announce the 4. When you click the button control, the AJAX call takes place. Selenium Tips: Finding elements by their inner text using :contains, a CSS pseudo-class March 19, 2010 saucerio 45 Comments As we already mentioned in our previous posts CSS Selectors in Selenium Demystified and Start improving your locators , CSS as a location strategy generally far outperforms XPATH. There are two types of files that can be handled in python, normal text files and binary files (written in binary language,0s and 1s). Bases: object ActionChains are a way to automate low level interactions such as mouse movements, mouse button actions, key press, and context menu interactions. Python provides inbuilt functions for creating, writing and reading files. Writing my own expected condition; 4. Get value from Entry : TextField Entry « GUI Tk « Python TextField Entry « GUI Tk « Python. 0,selenium-webdriver,c#-3. You can also look for a link by its text, but be careful! The text must be an exact match! You should also be careful when using XPATH in WebDriver. How To Work with HTML Data Tables. In our web page, we have a div with class text, inside this div, we have a heading with class listing-company, inside this heading, we have a span tag with class listing-location, and finally, we have a tag a that contains some text. Use Python/WebDriver to get text between tags You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Selenium Users" group. Consider the below code. Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. titles = [x. Locating Hyperlinks by Link Text¶ Use this when you know link text used within an anchor tag. Sanjay_Line2. we also ensure to remove the all trailing whitespaces in the text using the rstrip python string method. (The code in this example is Visual Basic. Dominate is a Python library for creating and manipulating HTML documents using an elegant DOM API. This text is extracted using the extract() method. I have the below code that clicks on an element to pop up a screen and copy the text in it Compound class names are no longer supported. Once we get element, we can extract the text inside our XPath using the 'text' function. List of frequently asked Selenium Interview Questions with answers by Besant Technologies. , Python debugger interfaces and more. Hi, I am using the below code to match some data from an input csv to 2 drop downs from a website, then download both a csv and pdf (the csv, I am extracting info from, then overwriting it with the. I am having trouble clicking a span tag that is a button, but not using button html tag at all. WoebDriver is not even finding the frame (mainFrame) within the outer iframe (outerFrame), let alone the other. One of the many fantastic webscraping tools available for Python, lxml is a very useful XML/HTML processing library. Learn Selenium online with Selenium Easy Tutorials. If you would like to contribute to this documentation, you can fork this project in Github and send pull requests. The WebDriver class has the find_element functions which allows you to find any element inside the current page. One more webdriver exception Is stale element reference exception. 2- How to access Nested tables in Selenium Webdriver? Nested tables are HTML tables defined within a table. How to write awesome XPaths for Test Automation in Selenium Automation Selenium As a beginner in Test Automation, you have just started to write selenium scripts and test cases are getting automated like anything. So, how do we extract price from the above XPath? Again we use "find_element_by_xpath" function and we will pass our XPath and get a selenium element. 7 and Python 3. text_to_be_present_in_element(). Writing my own expected condition; 4. Selenium WebDriver Recipes in C#. In this tutorial we will learn handling iFrames using Selenium Webdriver. So I'd say that solution is a little prettier than a tag analysis :) I think the problem is that "text" itself isn't considered an element, so if you're hoping to get a list of elements, some that are text and some that represent BR tags. WebElements play a major role while testing an application. They are extracted from open source Python projects. 「get_attribute」の引数に属性名を指定することで属性名に対する属性値を取得することが出来ます。 下記のサンプルでは、まずGoogleトップページに存在する「I'm Feeling Lucky」ボタンの要素(Inputタグ)を取得しています。. How to get text from an exact html element using selenium I don't care about this text. It provides methods for accessing Web resources via HTTP. Posted by: admin October 29, 2018 Leave a comment. Quick Wrapup - Selenium Webdriver Waits in Python. ) which we can use In our webdriver test for software web application. LINK_TEXT(). How to match on text using CSS locators and Xpath. If the element has identified, it will highlight the field and html code in Yellow color. If you would like to contribute to this documentation, you can fork this project in Github and send pull requests. txt) or read online for free. # get the alert a = driver. In this kind of situations, we use Javascript. In the era of data science it is common to collect data from websites for analytics purposes. One is a general purpose test automation framework, suitable for running any and all tests. The study also showed that many women need at least 7-10 minutes of intercourse to reach "The Big O" - and, worse still 30% of women never get there during intercourse. How to call click event inside Item. Trying now find the ID that was added and click it within the window. All images are purchased from DepositPhotos. partialLinkText(String linkText) : By - With this you can find elements of " a " tags( Link ) with the partial link names. It contains hundreds of solutions to real-world problems, with clear explanations and ready-to-run test scripts you can use in your own projects. The selenium module can make the browser do anything you want including automated testing, automating web tasks and data extraction. Install it using:. This is the sixth of. Use Python/WebDriver to get text between tags You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Selenium Users" group. Introduction You would need “very basic” understanding of Python (or coding in general), Selenium and. Comes with Python and opens a browser to a specific page. This is a module for automatic web task in python. If you are webscraping with Python chances are that you have already tried urllib, httplib, requests, etc. Direct descendents. There are two types of files that can be handled in python, normal text files and binary files (written in binary language,0s and 1s). If we have situations where ExpectedConditions are not sufficient and we want to wait on a custom event, then we can use python lambda. The following are code examples for showing how to use selenium. Let us take selenium official website to verify the tooltip in the first case. In this tutorial, we have listed the 50 most popularly asked Selenium interview questions including Selenium IDe, Selenium Grid and Selenium WebDriver interview questions covering Selenium basics and advanced WebDriver topics. It is strongly suggested that you do not us. How to get text from an exact html element using selenium. The following are code examples for showing how to use selenium. selenium python Find element with extact text match. //" to limit your search to the children of this WebElement. Introduction You would need “very basic” understanding of Python (or coding in general), Selenium and. Get value from Entry : TextField Entry « GUI Tk « Python TextField Entry « GUI Tk « Python. Thank you very much!! It works on my end and is a great solution. A simple button control to make the AJAX calls. Selenium Python bindings provide a convenient API to access Selenium WebDrivers like Firefox, Ie, Chrome, Remote. Python offers multiple options for developing GUI (Graphical User Interface). Browser automation frameworks-like Puppeteer, Selenium, Marionette, and Nightmare. i love technology. If you have to select from a list of available options, then the best way to implement that is a dropdown. Use below locator with getText() method. My experience with Selenium is limited to some niche cases where I wanted some automation (for scraping I can normally get by with requests and BeautifulSoup) but I believe the reason you are getting None is because execute_script doesn't return a value to begin with (your script is basically just being injected into the webpage and executed within the browser). I have inherited this nightmare Python, Selenium, and Pandas project. name Selenium and Python to find elements and text? Once I find the span element, elem. There are plenty of great tutorials on the web that I encourage you to review. alert # operation on the alert if a. Selenium Tips: Finding elements by their inner text using :contains, a CSS pseudo-class March 19, 2010 saucerio 45 Comments As we already mentioned in our previous posts CSS Selectors in Selenium Demystified and Start improving your locators , CSS as a location strategy generally far outperforms XPATH. Python + Selenium + Chrome で、要素の取得、クリックなどの UI系の操作、待機、ページ全体のスクリーンショットなど、一通り試してみます。 PhantomJS はもう更新されないということなので、ブラウザは Chrome にします。 この記事. SeleniumBase includes additional tools for automated visual testing, assisted-QA with MasterQA, and creating website tours. Locating Hyperlinks by Link Text¶ Use this when you know link text used within an anchor tag. first_selected_option print selected_option. Selenium-RC allows the test automation developer to use a programming language for maximum flexibility and extensible in developing test logic. exceptions i. Selenium Locators Tutorial: Learn How to Identify Web Elements Using XPath in Selenium with Examples. of text fields and password field so firstly we need to understand what is text field and what is password field. One thing to notice is that for IE browser testing, invoking get_text() on empty elements yielded a "Command execution failure" problem. find_element_by_id('FCenter')) selected_option = select. 미리 설치할 package들. Let's start!. Python Selenium Module Docs - Free download as PDF File (. Select an li element in a listbox with Selenium; How to select an element inside div->ul->li in Selenium; Selenium Webdriver finding an element in a sub-element; Center text in li element with a picture background; Selenium: Find an element stored in a container; Python selenium - select an element using action chain; Drag-select with ListBox. text == 'A value you are looking for' a. CSS example: div > div > ul > li > span. For handling HTML tables you can try the same way as given above. How To Write Dynamic XPath In Selenium: Before learning how to write dynamic XPath in Selenium, we will learn what is XPath locator. name Selenium and Python to find elements and text? Once I find the span element, elem. WebElements play a major role while testing an application. You can perform operations on these elements similar to how you'd do it as an end-user. Note that the Python WebDriver bindings also offer the location_once_scrolled_into_view property, which currently scrolls the element into view when retrieved. Let's start!. Python Selenium - How to upload image in this case? 283. Scraping with Python Selenium and PhantomJS Once the jobs are loaded, the text within this span will get updated to show the total number of jobs in the results. So this script simulates what you'd normally do to message your friend on WhatsApp. 1概要 大家好!我是lamecho(辣么丑),上一篇我们搭建好python运行selenium的环境后,接下来当然是来看看怎么去使用它了。其实selenium在操作上和appium是很像的,第一步都是要找元素,通过定位到元素后再去执行动作。好,下面我们将方法穿插到实战中. This is presented, along with other advanced topics, in the next chapter. libpulse-dev: PulseAudio Development Package: Headers and libraries for developing applications that access a PulseAudio sound server via PulseAudio’s native interface. Indexes are used to point to positions within the text handled by the text widget. Action Chains¶. In this tutorial, we will learn the available methods to find and access the Links using Webdriver. /html/body/div[2]/span. Earlier versions of Python came with the regex module, which provided Emacs-style patterns. This chapter is based on Need a minimal Django file upload example. Software Testing - An Easy Way: What is the difference between Automation. Downloads files and web pages from the Internet. The approach most Selenium experts are now recommending is to design your test code using the Page Object Design Pattern along with possibly a Page Factory. A sample of the HTML data presented in the webpage is as below. Once we get element, we can extract the text inside our XPath using the 'text' function. exe’,下载好后放到python目录里面. If so, you should know that Beautiful Soup 3 is no longer being developed, and that Beautiful Soup 4 is recommended for all new projects. and excludes the text inside the i? Also get their text and replace the child's text with. As a scripting language with modular architecture, simple syntax and rich text processing tools, Python is often used for natural language processing. To know which elements that you need to target in your python code, you need to first inspect. If so, you should know that Beautiful Soup 3 is no longer being developed, and that Beautiful Soup 4 is recommended for all new projects. Point it to the url, let the JS run, then get the modified source code. js, It's showing undefined in the window (non modal window) and the actual functionality of the window is. Python string literals. How to get text from a web page¶. Handling Web Alerts receive the text found in the alert using ". Selenium WebDriver python client可以访问Selenium WebDriver和Selenium standalone server,开发人员:David Burns, Adam Goucher, Maik Röder,Jason Huggins, Luke Semerau, Miki Tebeka和Eric Allenin。支持python版本2. How To Work with HTML Data Tables. User Interface Automation by Selenium and Python - Free download as PDF File (. python - How to get an XPath from selenium webelement or from lxml? 5. Problem: There is a perception among testers that getting started with mobile automation is hard. Working with innerHTML or subset of HTML with Selenium 6 Nov Not sure about Web Driver, but wonder why Selenium never had API method to get a subset of HTML, basically the innerHTML of a given element. One is a general purpose test automation framework, suitable for running any and all tests. xpath - selenium python stuck on this line; 6. Instead of testing websites manually, developers use this tool to test their website automatically. 10 Browser: Firefox 8 & Chrome 13 Brower version: 8 Web element is properly identified, I can get the value of one of its attributes, but I cannot get the text inside the tags. Shows how to perform web crawling and scraping using selenium and python. So we should start browser 2 times and it'll login as Test1 - Abc123 and Test2 - Abc123. The reason of using the Partial Link Text locator in Selenium WebDriver over the Link Text Locator is only due to the reason when you have a long linktext and you intent to use only partial text to perform further actions on it. Once we get element, we can extract the text inside our XPath using the 'text' function. "How To Locate Element By ID Locator" 2. However, that property is noted in the selenium module docs as subject to change without warning - and it also places the element at the bottom of the viewport (rather than the top), so I prefer using scrollIntoView(). selenium python Find element with extact text match. Get value from Entry : TextField Entry « GUI Tk « Python TextField Entry « GUI Tk « Python. If we have situations where ExpectedConditions are not sufficient and we want to wait on a custom event, then we can use python lambda. The finding element child is an interesting idea and also a one which I have sometimes used. If I select a different option in the drop down then the input title will change from "Books" (highlighted in red) to "Beauty" within that same input. titles = [x. Why Choose CSS Selectors Over Other Element Identifiers?. Python also comes with. 0 (Selenium-RC) a bit more coding is involved, but it isn’t difficult. However, this module is always available, not all. metulburr, thank you for your help!. Note that Selenium's overridden window. Race Conditions using python lambda. My experience with Selenium is limited to some niche cases where I wanted some automation (for scraping I can normally get by with requests and BeautifulSoup) but I believe the reason you are getting None is because execute_script doesn't return a value to begin with (your script is basically just being injected into the webpage and executed within the browser). Note| Text in Blue [#PYTHON] and Orange [#JAVA] can be edited or mentioned important for the entire blog. Here i want click on the list based on the text it has suppose the very first list has text. Now, if we carefully observe the highlighted text in the picture, we will see that the date is stored inside the ‘title’ attribute. selenium 3. How to get text from a web page¶. #在last标签里面由于排名有上升和下降 所以td标签里面的span标签的class属性的值不唯一,所以需要选择更高一级的标签 if hotpoint !=None: hotpoint=hotpoint. This is presented, along with other advanced topics, in the next chapter. In this case, it returns the title contained in the div with the tab_item_name class name; Now we need to extract the prices for the games. Hi there, we seem to hit a similar problem. 1 Introduction Selenium Python bindings provides a simple API to write functional/acceptance tests using Selenium WebDriver. 0 by-sa 版权协议,转载请附上原文出处链接和本声明。. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. I am learning Python as I go; and have been cleaning up and refactoring the code where I see necessary - It was worst if you can imagine; anyway, if anyone is a Python/Pandas/Selenium enthusiast and has ideas to optimize it further beyond this point; I'd love to hear. Selenium using python Friday, 23 January 2015. This post was inspired by another blog post: Luciano Mammino – Extracting data from Wikipedia using curl, grep, cut and other shell commands. partialLinkText(String linkText) : By - With this you can find elements of " a " tags( Link ) with the partial link names. You can also send your feedback to my email: baiju. But instead of iterating over its option elements and clicking based on a conditional check, we are leveraging a built-in helper function of Selenium, Select, and it's select_by method to choose the item we want. of text fields and password field so firstly we need to understand what is text field and what is password field.